Woodrow Wilson Channeled by Karl Mollison 18Sept2019
Woodrow Wilson December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924 was an American statesman, lawyer, and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States from 1913 to 1921, and was the leading architect of the League of Nations. A member of the Democratic Party, Wilson served as the president of Princeton University and as the 34th governor of New Jersey before winning the 1912 presidential election.
As president, he oversaw the passage of progressive legislative policies unparalleled until the New Deal in 1933.
He also led the United States into World War I in 1917, establishing an activist foreign policy known as “Wilsonianism.”
Born in Staunton, Virginia, Wilson spent his early years in Augusta, Georgia, and Columbia, South Carolina. After earning a Ph.D. in political science from Johns Hopkins University, Wilson taught at various schools before becoming the president of Princeton.
During his first term, his first major priority was the passage of the Revenue Act of 1913, which lowered tariffs and implemented a federal income tax.
Wilson also presided over the passage of the Federal Reserve Act, which created a central banking system in the form of the Federal Reserve System.
Upon the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Wilson maintained a policy of neutrality between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. He won re-election by a narrow margin in the presidential election of 1916, defeating Republican nominee Charles Evans Hughes promising in his campaign to keep the US out of foreignwars.
In early 1917, Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war against Germany after Germany implemented a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, and Congress complied. Wilson presided over war-time mobilization but devoted much of his efforts to foreign affairs, developing the Fourteen Points as a basis for post-war peace.
After Germany signed an armistice in November 1918, Wilson and other Allied leaders took part in the Paris Peace Conference, where Wilson advocated for the establishment of a multilateral organization, per his “fourteenth point”. The resulting League of Nations was incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles and other treaties with the defeated Central Powers, but Wilson was subsequently unable to convince the Senate to ratify that treaty or allow the United States to join the League.
Wilson suffered a severe stroke in October 1919 and was incapacitated for the remainder of his presidency.
He retired from public office in 1921, and died in 1924.